Details for Reform Option "Manipur State AIDS Policy, Manipur"
The first cluster of HIV infection was detected in Manipur in February 1990. Today, the HIV infection and AIDS has taken firm roots in Manipur. Further analysis of the data shows that the infection is now no longer confined to a particular group of people; rather it has spread to the general population. The social, economic and developmental consequences of AIDS in Manipur in the near future will be very grim unless an immediate planning is started.
The State Government of Manipur considers the AIDS problem as a grave public health problem, a matter of great urgency and top priority, requiring immediate Government action.
Therefore, in 1996 Manipur State AIDS Policy was formed. Till date Manipur is the first and only State in India having a clear cut Policy statement based on Harm Reduction. According to National AIDS Policy announced on 2nd April 2002, the most important strategy to combat the problem of intravenous drug use and its serious consequences in transmission of HIV/AIDS would be Harm Minimization approach, which is being accepted worldwide as an effective preventive mechanism. Harm Minimization aims at reducing the adverse social and economic consequences and health hazards by minimizing or reducing the intake of drugs leading to gradual elimination of their use.
The objectives of the Manipur State AIDS Policy are:
(i) To prevent the spread of HIV infection, both at the community level and in the health care environment.
(ii) To promote better understanding of HIV infection in order to protect and support those who are at risk of or vulnerable to infection.
(iii) To ensure that treatment and support services both for those infected with HIV and for their family are easily available and accessible.
(iv) To ensure that services are efficient, effective, and are well evaluated.
(v) To mobilise and unify inter-sectoral action, community initiatives and Non Government Organizations (NGO) and Community Based Organizations’ (CBOs) support networks are there for better co-ordination and co-operation among the participating agencies against AIDS.
The Manipur State AIDS Policy:
(i)The State Government of Manipur considers the AIDS problems as a great public health challenge, a matter of great urgency and top priority, requiring immediate Government action.
(ii) The State Government is fully committed to effective and efficient implementation of the AIDS Control Programme as a part of the overall health care system in the State. The State Government shall provide adequate budget for proper implementation of the programme at state, district and community levels.
(iii) The department of health is designated as the State AIDS Authority, empowered to monitor the progress of implementation of the State AIDS Policy.
Under the Manipur State AIDS Policy, following policies have been made:
i) Multi-sectoral action and programme management
ii) Information, Education and Communication.
iii) School AIDS education
iv) Blood Safety
v) Medical Care
vi) STD and Reproductive Health
vii) Drug Abuse Treatment Service
viii)Hospital Infection Control
ix) Intervention measures
xi) Antibody testing
xiv) Social service provision
xv) Training and research
xvi) Non Discrimination
xvii) Appropriate legal framework.
The government adopted the Policy based on:
(i) Provision of accurate information and education to make people aware of and to protect them selves from HIV infection.
(ii) Voluntary participation of people with HIV/AIDS
(iii) Safeguard of confidentiality
(iv) Respect for privacy, human dignity and individual human rights.
(v) Avoidance of discrimination and stigmatization.
(vi) Provision of quality medical care.
(vii) Provision of social benefits and social support systems for people with HIV/AIDS.
(viii) Creating a helpful, supporting and enabling social environment in the community so that people who suspect themselves to be infected with HIV can come forward for voluntary HIV testing and for seeking help so that they can live peacefully with other members of the society.
(ix) Avoidance or removal of fear psychosis in the minds of people.
Policies have been formed and are being implemented. But external evaluation is yet to be conducted.
Manipur State. The policy was formed in 1996.
Benefits the State: Helps the Government to tackle the HIV/AIDS situation in Manipur Sate more effectively and efficiently.
Budget allocations: Allocates budget for various programs on HIV/AIDS.
Conducive for reducing discrimination and stigma: The Policy safeguards privacy, human dignity and individual human rights and is designed to reduce discrimination and stigma.
Provision for social benefits: The policy includes social support system for people with HIV/AIDS.
Who needs to be consulted
Government of Manipur.
Manipur State Aids Control Society.
It has sustained since 1996.
Chances of Replication
Replicable, Nagaland has also drafted a State Policy on HIV/AIDS.
Prabha Sati, Research Consultant, European Commission Technical Assistance, New Delhi and
Mr. S.Sahoo, Deputy Director, Field Survey Unit, CBHI, Bhuvneshwar, Orissa, March 2007.